Complications of MG
Myasthenic Crisis: A life-threatening condition, which occurs when the muscles that control breathing become too weak. It’s a dire emergency and mechanical assistance with breathing may be required. Medications and Blood filtering therapies like Plasmapheresis may help people recover from Myasthenic Crisis so that they can breathe on their own.
Thymus Tumors: About 15 percent of the people who have Myasthenia Gravis have a tumor in their Thymus Gland known as Thymoma. It’s believed that the Thymus Gland, a part of the immune system of the body, located beneath the breastbone (sternum), may trigger or maintain the production of these antibodies. Thymus may be large during infancy and gradually becomes rudimentary in adults. But, in some adults, with Myasthenia gravis, the Thymus gland is abnormally large, which may also be a result of a tumor of the Thymus Gland known as Thymoma. Usually, these Thymus Gland tumors are Non-Cancerous.
Under-active or over-active thyroid gland: an Autoimmune disease like Myasthenia Gravis is often accompanied by other Autoimmune diseases like Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. The Thyroid is a gland located in the neck which secretes hormones that regulate the metabolism. If Thyroid is underactive (Hypothyroidism), the body uses energy more slowly. An overactive Thyroid (Hyperthyroidism) makes the body use energy too quickly
Lupus: It is yet another autoimmune disease associated with Myasthenia Gravis. In this condition, the body’s immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal healthy tissue. It results in painful or swollen joints, hair loss, extreme fatigue and a red rash on the face.Rheumatoid Arthritis: It is an autoimmune condition wherein the immune system mistakenly attacks its own body’s tissues. It is mostly seen in the wrists and fingers which can result in joint deformities that make it difficult to use hands.